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Nanotechnology helps reduce phosphorus pollution

August 21, 2012
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EAST LANSING, Mich. — A professor at Michigan State University is part of a team developing a new method of removing phosphorus from wastewater.

Steven Safferman, an associate professor of biosystems and agricultural engineering, and colleagues at Columbus, Ohio, based-MetaMateria Technologies, are devising a cost-effective way of recovering the phosphorus, which then can be reused for fertilizer products.

Over the past 10 years, MetaMateria Technologies and Safferman have developed and tested a media, enhanced with nanoparticles composed of iron, that can more efficiently remove larger amounts of phosphorus from water.

“Phosphorus that is dissolved in wastewater, like sugar in water, is hard to remove,” Safferman said. “We found that a nano-media made with waste iron can efficiently absorb it, making it a solid that can be easily and efficiently removed and recovered for beneficial reuse.”

Safferman added there are indications that their method of phosphorus retrieval is much more cost effective than processing phosphate rock.

“Research suggests that it is significantly cheaper to recover phosphorus this way. So why would you mine phosphorus?” he asked. “And, at the same time, you’re helping to solve a serious environmental problem.”

The material should be commercially available for use within two years, said J. Richard Schorr, MetaMateria CEO.

“Phosphorus is a finite material,” Schorr said “Analyses show that the supply of phosphorus may become limited within the next 25 to 50 years. This is an economical way to harvest and recycle phosphorus.”

This research is funded, in part, by a National Science Foundation Small Business Innovative Research Grant. Safferman''s research also is supported by MSU AgBioResearch.

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