permafrost caused by global warming is costing Russian energy firms billions of
dollars annually in damage control Greenpeace warned in a new study recently
released, reports the Associated Foreign Press. According to the report by the
environmental watchdog, up to 55 billion rubles (1.9 billion dollars) a year
is spent on repairs to infrastructure and pipelines damaged by changes in the
permafrost in western Siberia. The group consulted with experts at gas giant
Gazprom in writing its report, which detailed the destruction to infrastructure
such as pipelines caused by rising temperatures and resulting melt water.
Russia''s main raw export industries are spread across the Siberian permafrost,
which makes up over 60 percent of its territory. The permafrost thaw has
accelerated in recent years and Russia is now shrinking by 30 square kilometers
(12 square miles) per year as icey territory disappears from the coastline, one
of the authors of the report, Oleg Anisimov, warned.