View Cart (0 items)

Kathy Shandling

Kathy Shandling is the executive director of the International Private Water Association (IPWA), a global advocacy/non-profit organization that serves as a conduit between the public and private sector players involved in the water/wastewater infrastructure project and service arena. IPWA specifically promotes the implementation of public-private partnerships and the development/use of long-term sustainable financing tools. Ms. Shandling was instrumental in launching the IPWA Financial Tools Taskforce that has been steadfast in its support of evolving local currency financing initiatives for the funding of water/wastewater infrastructure projects in developing countries.

ARTICLES

Public or private, the question is: how to pay for it?

Infrastructure funding tools for the water/wastewater infrastructure project arena
According the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), there is close to a $1.0 trillion infrastructure investment need in this country’s water and wastewater systems over the next 20 years. More importantly, it is anticipated that there will be a 20-year infrastructure capital-investment gap of $102 billion for drinking water systems and $122 billion for wastewater systems. The operations and maintenance gap is even larger — $161 billion for drinking water systems and $148 billion for wastewater systems.
Read More