Processing has a rich line-up of weekly electronic newsletters that carry the latest breaking headlines: including process industry events — sometimes catastrophic events — acquisitions & divestitures, challenges facing the industry and the most recent analyst opinions. We headline the stories readers are most interested in hearing about.
Processing e-News – on Tuesdays, Wednesdays & Thursdays gives its subscribers instant insight into the kinds of challenges being faced, and solutions being implemented, within process industries.
The chemical industry produces a wide range of goods central to the modern world economy, including base chemicals, life science, specialty chemicals and consumer products. The main raw materials of the chemical industry are fossil fuels, air, water, salt, limestone, sulfur and equivalents, and some specialized raw materials such as phosphates and the mineral fluorspar. The chemical industry converts these raw materials into primary, secondary or tertiary products.
The food & beverage industry specializes in the conceptualization, making of and delivery of foods. The food industry is a complex, global collective of diverse businesses that supply much of the food energy consumed by the world’s population. Beverage processing includes soft drinks and bottled water manufacturing, wineries, breweries and distilleries. Within food & beverage markets, better management of batch processing is needed as food distribution channels have become more complex. In addition to wholesalers, grocers and food-service providers, manufacturers see new customers in alternative retail formats and the tremendous growth in private-label goods. Their challenge is maintaining product consistency amidst increasing variation in raw ingredients, recipes and packaging.
Use of fossil fuels — including oil and natural gas — is one of the defining characteristics of our time. Over the last two decades, the emergence of national oil companies and dwindling oil resources have moved the major independent oil and gas companies to tap into more and more unconventional resources, including deepwater subsea, shale plays, tar sands and subsalt. Given its complexity, oil field development is coordinated amongst multiple independent and highly specialized contractors, including industry equipment suppliers; engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) concerns; and service
Petrochemicals are derived from oil, gas or coal, and from renewable sources such as corn or sugar cane. Petrochemicals used as raw materials — or feedstocks — include ethylene, propylene, butadiene, benzene, toluene, xylene and naphthalene. Two petrochemical classes are olefins, including ethylene and propylene, and aromatics including benzene, toluene, and zylene isomers. Oil refineries produce olefins and aromatics by fluid catalytic cracking of petroleum fractions. Chemical plants produce olefins by steam cracking of natural gas liquids like ethane and propane. Aromatics are produced by catalytic reforming of naphtha. Olefins and aromatics are the building-blocks for a wide range of materials such as solvents, detergents and adhesives. Olefins are the basis for polymers and oligomers used in plastics, resins, fibers, elastomers lubricants and gels.
The pharmaceutical industry develops, produces and markets drugs or pharmaceuticals licensed for sale as medications. Pharmaceutical companies make pharmaceutical preparations or finished drugs; biological products, such as serums, bulk chemicals and botanicals used in making finished drugs; and diagnostic substances such as pregnancy and blood glucose kits. Pharmaceutical processing encompasses the end-process formulations have to go through, including packaging, labeling, processing and formatting drugs into tablets, liquids and gels. Bio-pharma is a collection of technologies that capitalize on the attributes of cells, such as their manufacturing capabilities, and put, biological molecules, such as DNA and proteins, to work for us.
For both develop and developing economies there is no more vital issue than to guarantee their populations and industries safe and adequate water supplies. Process industries face further challenges, to cost-effectively secure water at the quality called for by the process, and to deal with complex produced water issues, either my minimizing its generation or effectively dealing with its treatment.